The Company has a "Program for the Conservation of Biological Diversity", developed taking into account the legislative and other applicable requirements for the conservation of biodiversity and aimed at preserving rare species of animals by supporting the existing specially protected natural areas (SPNA) of zoological, entomological, botanical, hydrological and geological profiles and sparing (rational) nature management in the habitats of rare species.
The company aims to preserve biodiversity in the areas of operation at a level that ensures their sustainable existence and sustainable use.
The assessment of biodiversity by reliable indicators of the state of the environment shows that the state of ecosystems in the territory of the Company's production activities complies with the standards. TATNEFT Group does not provide irreversible impacts on biodiversity. The Company has no facilities that have a significant impact on biodiversity. If necessary, the program of industrial environmental control (PEC) includes monitoring of flora and fauna. The main impacts on biodiversity are associated with geological exploration, extraction, preparation, transportation and retail sale of petroleum products.
Objects of the natural reserve fund of the region of the Company's production activities, including preserved and restored habitats Open the list
The largest specially protected natural area of federal significance located in the region of the Company's operations is the Nizhnyaya Kama National Park. Industrial ecological control of the plant world (phytomonitoring) on the territory of the National Park "Nizhnyaya Kama" is carried out in the following directions: control of mechanical disturbances of the soil and vegetation cover, including post-reclamation monitoring, complex technogenic impact, structure and natural dynamics of phytocenoses and biodiversity (background territories), surface pollution.
In the course of research of phytocenoses, the current state of vegetation, the structure of the vegetation cover is taken into account, attention is paid to the presence of rare and protected plant species, the position of the boundaries of plant communities and the degree of disturbance of the vegetation cover are specified.
According to the results of monitoring studies, in 2019, the operation of oil field facilities of NGDU Prikamneft did not lead to a deterioration in the state of the ecosystems of the adjacent territory and did not violate the protection regime of the Nizhnyaya Kama National Park. In 2019, comprehensive monitoring of the Nizhnyaya Kama National Park was carried out and comprehensive measures were taken to reclaim disturbed lands. Also, the replacement of bare wires on power lines was carried out, compensation measures were taken to compensate for damage to aquatic biological resources.
Due to the special vulnerability of natural tundra complexes, the program of environmental control has been expanded in the territories of developed fields located in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug (NAO). The control program includes an assessment of the species and quantitative composition of vegetation cover, soil mesofauna and soil mammals, mosses, fauna, and benthos. The monitoring results show that the territory of activity is not subject to significant anthropogenic impact.
Protected species in the region of the Company's activity. Support for species of animals listed in the Red Book
On the territory of the Company's operations, there are two species of mammals listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Tatarstan - the bobak marmot and the desman (the desman is also included in the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
The location of production facilities outside the habitat areas and measures aimed at reducing the negative impact on the environment exclude the slightest threat to the existence of these species in the region of the Company's operation.
The program for the rescue and reproduction of snow leopards of the National Park "Sailyugemsky in Altai
TATNEFT, together with the Ak Bars Hockey Club, participates in the program for the rescue and reproduction of snow leopards in the Saylyugemsky National Park.
«The snow leopard is the main symbol of our hockey club Ak Bars, Tatarstan and all Turkic peoples. Ak Bars and Tatneft considered it important to support the conservation project for this beautiful animal. The President of the Republic of Tatarstan presented the program to save the population of leopards, and we are proud to be part of it. This year Rustam Minnikhanov and I visited Altai and saw how professionally the work of the regional ecologists is organized, and therefore Ak Bars is pleased to become a partner of the Saylyugemsky National Park.»
General Director of PJSC TATNEFT
The Saylyugemsky National Park in the Kosh-Agachsky District of the Altai Territory on the border with Mongolia is a specially protected natural area - the natural habitat of the Red Book snow leopard. According to the World Wildlife Fund, today there are only 70-90 wild individuals left in Russia, all of them are under threat of extinction due to poaching and a decrease in their natural range. 37 officially registered individuals live on the territory of the park and adjacent areas. The basis for the safety of snow leopards, their protection from poaching, and the main way to monitor the population of secretive lone animals is the development of a network of camera traps located on an area of 118,000 hectares. TATNEFT and Ak Bars will jointly provide the Saylyugemsky National Park with new photo and video traps to expand the monitoring boundaries and close unexplored areas - potential snow leopard habitats. Also, within the framework of this Program, funding is allocated for regular anti-poaching raids on the territory of the national park.
«Saving the snow leopard is often talked about, but there are few real participants in this process. We are very glad that our park now has such a bright and reliable partner. The snow leopard is a difficult species to study and is even more difficult to protect due to its habitat. Our territory is home to the largest group of snow leopards in Russia, and we are convinced that it is possible to restore the population of an endangered species. The dynamics of the last 20 years proves that leopards can return to their former habitats, and monitoring of camera traps pleases with news about females reproducing offspring. Our common task today is to ensure the safety of the species from poachers and create the most favorable conditions for its existence.»
Director of the National Park "Saylyugemsky"
Focus of action on biodiversity replenishment
As part of the Program for the Conservation of Biodiversity, the Company pays special attention to the following areas:
- Reducing the significant impact of the Company's activities, products and services on the biodiversity of protected natural areas and areas with high biodiversity value outside the boundaries of protected natural areas;
- Conservation and restoration of biodiversity, habitats, animal migration routes and compensation for possible damage to the environment;
- Reducing and preventing fragmentation of natural landscapes, reducing the areas of disturbed territories.
To achieve specific characteristics of biodiversity in a certain period of time and in a certain territory, an Action Plan is additionally developed. Depending on the achieved results, socio-economic changes taking place in the country, the Plan is updated.